North American Birds

VOLUME 70 NO2 2018

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 103 of 115

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 238 C E N T R A L A M E R I C A This White-faced Ibis, a first for Panama, was a spectacular find on 11 February near Gamboa, Colón: a site where Glossy Ibis has been regu- lar in recent years. This individual remained through the remainder of the period and was seen by many observers. Photo by © Doug Gochfeld. IBIS THROUGH SKIMMERS New for Panama was a White-faced Ibis at Gamboa, Colón 11 Feb+ (DG, DoA, JS, m.ob.). Three Green Ibis seen at Río Wawa in the Sunilala rapids, RAAN 11 Dec (LCD, GD and MS) proved a new locality record for this species. Harpy Eagle is rare anywhere in Central America, therefore an imm. photo- graphed at the Bartola Indio Maíz Biosphere Reserve, San Juan 16 Feb was noteworthy. This is the first documented record for the area, and the first documented in Nicaragua since 2000. The rarest of three hawk-eagles in Honduras, a Black-and-white Hawk-Ea- gle was photographed at the Omega Jungle Lodge near La Ceiba, Atlántida 16 Feb (ph. RR), providing proof that the species is also found in the Nombre de Dios mountain range. A first for Panama was an imm. Gray Hawk found along the Changuinola Canal, Bocas del Toro 27 Jan (ph. ND, CN, JN), within a part of Panama where Gray-lined Hawk does not occur. A Red-tailed Hawk was photographed at Aruza Arriba, Darién 16 Dec (DoA, ph. FD), about 150 km east of its normal range. A juv. Mississippi Kite migrated past the Belize Raptor Research In- stitute's watch site at Cattle Landing, Toledo on the late date of 6 Dec (WB). Small num- bers have been observed at this site every fall since 2013 when the hawkwatch was estab - lished, with kites seen regularly into Nov and once as late as 9 Dec (2014). The 6 Dec 2015 observation is the sec- ond latest on record in Belize. The first signs of what now appears to be a sizable population of Yellow- breasted Crakes were discovered in the floating vegetation of Lake Yojoa, Cortés 16 Jan (RL). Three birds were present the following day (AA, RL, RJ, MM, ph. JvD) and remained through at least 13 Feb (m.ob.). Black Rail is seldom recorded in the Region, thus one heard well in a wet meadow near Grace Bank, Belize 19 Feb (MH, KH, EM, PG) was unexpected. Spotted Rail is something of an enigma in much of the Region. Although it can turn up almost anywhere within suitable habi- tat, it is seldom seen or heard and its status as resident, migrant, or vagrant has yet to be established in most areas. One was seen well in the marsh just outside Hopkins Village, Stann Creek, Belize 11 Feb (RM, JU). Southern Lapwing sightings con- tinue to increase in n. Central Amer- ica. The species was reported during this period from three different Hon- duran locations, including two new departments. Five were present near Nueva Concepción, Choluteca 12 Dec (ph. AA, RL, WO, KD, RJ, JvD, OK). One individual was present in the southwestern corner of Lake Yojoa, Santa Bárbara 9-11 Feb (ph. RR, m.ob.), and potentially the same individual was also seen in that general area 27 Feb (RuR, WM, RoR). At least 2 were present at the National Agricultural University near Catacamas, Olancho 16 & 19 Feb (RB). An American Avocet, rare in s. Central America, was at Chomes, Puntarenas, Costa Rica 23 Feb (ph. MC). Wattled Jacana, while common through - out Panama, is still a rarity in neighboring Costa Rica, with most of the sightings from the extreme south. One at Carate, Puntarenas 5 Feb (ph. AR) fits that pat- tern. Two Red-necked Phalaropes, rare in the Region during winter, were photographed in the Gulf of Nicoya, Pun- tarenas, Costa Rica 7 Feb (ph. JZL) while Red Phalarope, rarely report- ed at any time of year, was noted in no fewer than four countries during the season. One was first encountered near Los Farallones, in Nicaraguan waters of the Gulf of Fonseca 13 Dec (AA, ph. JVD, KD, RJ, OK, RL, WO); what was possibly the same individual was found 20 minutes later by the same observ- ers in Salvadoran waters off Isla Meanguera, providing only the fourth record for El Sal- vador and the first for La Unión. In Costa Rica, one was photographed near Cano I., Puntarenas 25 Dec (ph. EH). At least 16 in- dividuals were observed off Puerto Quetzal, Escuintla, Guatemala 31 Dec (RC, LB, MJL, OK, MR, ph. JPC). More Sabine's Gulls were reported in Pa- cific coastal waters of Central America than during other winters. A count of 27 secured during a pelagic trip off Puerto Quetzal, Escuintla, Guatemala 31 Dec (RC, LB, MJL, OK, MR, JPC) was notable. In neighboring El Salvador, one was observed close to shore at Estero Garita Palmera, Ahuachapán 1 Feb (JA, ph. MB), providing a first department record. The species was reported on multiple days from the Gulf of Fonseca, a bay shared by El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua. One individual was in Honduran waters of the Gulf 2 Dec (ph. JVD), 13 Dec (AA, ph. JVD, KD, RJ, RL, OK, WO), and 23 Dec (RJ, JD, ph. JVD). One was also seen in Nicara- guan waters of the Gulf 13 Dec (same ob- servers as above). Also in Nicaragua, but far- ther south, was one at Morgan's Rock, Rivas 27 Feb (CW). At nearby Cuajiniquil, Guana- caste, Costa Rica 2 were seen from shore 28 Dec (DvG, DnG, RG), before 5 were noted from the Paquera ferry in the Gulf of Nicoya, Puntarenas, Costa Rica 14 Feb (AF). An in- crease in Sabine's Gulls through the coastal This Red Phalarope, first encountered in Nicaraguan waters of the Gulf of Fonseca on 13 December (and photographed here in Salvadoran waters about 20 minutes later), could not be persuaded to fly into nearby Honduran waters, where it would have furnished a first country record. Photo by © John van Dort.

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